Circulars

New-icon National Conference on "Adaptation Interventions for Climate Resilient Agriculture in Coastal Agro-ecosystems" on 9-10 March, 2017
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New-icon Sri B.Rajsekhar, I.A.S., Special Chief Secretary to Government (FAC), Agriculture & Cooperation Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh - Assumed charge as Vice-Chancellor, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University
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New-icon Proformas of Annual Report 2015-16
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New-icon Budget Estimation 2016 - 2017
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New-icon Fulbright-Nehru, other Fulbright, and Fulbright-Kalam Climate Fellowship programs for study, research, teaching and professional development in the U.S. APPLY NOW! For details CLICK HERE
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The Alumni Agricultural Graduates Trust for College Development at Agricultural College, Bapatla

Exams / Results / Admissions

New-icon Registration and Classes in Private Agricultural Colleges for 2016-17
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New-icon Last Ranks in BiPC stream UG courses in ANGRAU, SVVU & Dr.YSRHU for 2016-17
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New-icon Last Ranks in Private Agril. / Horti. Colleges ( in B.Sc.Ag./ Horti.) for 2016-17
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New-icon Procedure to obtain the Original Degree Certificate in UG Programmes
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New-icon Spot Counselling Notification for diploma in Agriculture - 2016-17
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New-icon PG Academic Calendar for I-Semester 2016-17
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New-icon AGRICET 2016 - Merit List of Candidates for Agriculture
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New-icon AGRICET 2016 - Merit List of Candidates for Seed Technology
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New-icon Merit List of the Candidates Eligible for PG Admission Counseling for the Academic Year 2016-17
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New-icon Seat Matrix of PG and Ph.D admissions for the Academic Year 2016-17
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New-icon List of Eligible Candidates for AGRICET -2016 Entrance Test to be conducted on 17-07-2016

Interviews / Jobs

New-icon Walk-in-Interview - Notification for the recruitment of Teaching Associate on contract basis at Agricultural College, Mahanandi on 15.02.2017
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New-icon Walk-in-Interview - Notification for the recruitment of Teaching Associate in different disciplines (Crop Physiology & Agricultural Engineering) on contract basis at Agricultural College, Rajamahendravaram on 20.02.2017
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New-icon Walk-in-Interview for Teaching Associates in different disciplines (Ag. Economics, Statistics & Maths., Agronomy & Crop Physiology) at Agricultural College, Bapatla
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New-icon Walk-in-Interview for Teaching Associates in different disciplines at S.V. Agricultural College, Tirupati
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New-icon Appointment of Teaching Associates on temporary basis at College of Home Science, Guntur - Walk-in-Interview on 13.02.2017
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New-icon Notification for the recruitment of Teaching Associate on contract basis at Agricultural College, Mahanandi - Walk in Interview on 15.02.2017
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New-icon Walk-in-Interview for Teaching Associates in different disciplines (Soil Science & GPBR) at Agricultural College, Bapatla
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New-icon Standardization and Popularization of millet based products sanctioned under RKVY during 2016-17 - Recruitment of Technical Staff - Through Walk - In - Interview
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New-icon Walk in interview for the post of Teaching Associate on contract basis
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New-icon Advertisement for Teaching Associates - II-Semester - 2016-17 - CFST, Pvdl
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New-icon Hiring / Contractual arrangement for Assistance to NABARD Chair
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New-icon Recruitment of SRF at SWS, Bapatla
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New-icon Advertisement for direct recruitment of Assistant Professors & Associate Professors
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New-icon Advertisement for the Posts of University Officers
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New-icon Calling applications for two posts of Professor from Agricultural Engineering with Ph. D with Farm Machinery and Power specialization working as Professor cadre service to teach the courses for PG & Ph. D programmes on deputation basis
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New-icon Notification and Application for the post of Vice-Chancellor, ANGRAU

Tenders / Quotations

New-icon Short Tender Notification for the purchase of equipments for the RKVY Project on "Establishment of liquid biofertilizer unit" at ARS, Amaravathi
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New-icon RKVY Project on "Liquid Biofertilizer Unit" at RARS, Anakapalle - Tender Notification for purchase of Generator
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New-icon Engg. Wing Tender Notices
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New-icon Sealed Tender Applications are invited to for supply of Continuous Microwave Drying Oven to College of Food Science & Technology, Bapatla
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New-icon AICRP on PHET - Supply of Rheo meter and Briquetting machine with accessories - Submission of quotations call notice
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New-icon Engg. Wing e-Procurement Tender Notice
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New-icon Liquid Biofertilizer Production Unit at RARS, Anakapalle - Quotation call notices for purchase of equipment
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New-icon Corrigendum of Engg. Wing Tender Notice
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New-icon Engineer Wing Tender Notice
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New-icon E-tender for outsourcing personal at APRRI & RARS, Maruteru
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New-icon Norms, Requirements and Guidelines for Affiliation of Private Agricultural Colleges
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New-icon Tender notifications for purchase of vacuum pan, rheo-meter and texture analyser - RARS Anakapalle
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New-icon Tender Notification for purchase of CN Analizer at RARS, Anakapalle

Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) was established under the name of Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) on the 12th of June 1964 through the APAU Act 1963. Later, it was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on the 7th of November, 1996 in honour and memory of the noted Parliamentarian and Kisan Leader, Acharya N. G. Ranga.

At the verge of completion of Golden Jubilee Year of the ANGRAU, it has given birth to a new State Agricultural University namely Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University with the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014. The ANGRAU at LAM, Guntur is serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication.

Mandate of the University

  • Train the manpower in Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering & Technology and Home Science for the development of the state (Teaching).
  • Constantly generate and improve technologies for increasing production in Agriculture and for the welfare of rural folk (Research).
  • Assist in dissemination of the improved technologies to the farmers of the state through development departments of Government (Extension).

Board of Management
ANGRAU is governed by a 21 members Board of Management with the Vice-Chancellor as Chairman. This apex body is responsible for taking policy decisions.

Academic Council and Faculty Board
These two bodies consist of Deans, Associate Deans, Directors, Associate Directors of Research, Professors, University Professors and Heads who govern the Academic & Administrative activities of the University with the Vice-Chancellor as Chief Executive. On the academic front, the University has three Faculties viz., Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering & Technology and Home Science within the purview of the respective Faculty Deans; while the research and extension functions are the responsibilities of the respective Directors.

Teaching Institutes
Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University offers both Under Graduate and Post Graduate programmes in the faculties of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering & Technology and Home Science.

ANGRAU at present has five Agricultural Colleges under Agriculture Faculty, two Colleges of Agricultural Engineering and two colleges of Food Science and Technology under Agril. Engineering and Technology faculty and one College of Home Science under Home Science faculty. In addition to these, the University is running two Post Graduate Colleges i.e. Advanced Post Graduate Centre at Lam, Guntur and Institute of Agri-Business Management at Tirupati. There are fifteen Agricultural Polytechnics, one Seed Technology Polytechnic and one Organic Farming Polytechnic offering two year Post-metric diploma programme in Telugu medium and two Agricultural Engineering Polytechnics offering three year diploma programme in English medium.

Research Stations
Thirty- six Agricultural Research Stations spread over in six agro-climatic zones of the state are conducting location specific and need based research on various crops grown in the state besides various technological centres of excellence.

Extension Units
The extension services based on the results of research are being disseminated through 13 District Agricultural Advisory and Transfer of Technology Centres and 13 Krishi Vigyan Kendras of the University.

TEACHING
The University offers Undergraduate courses in Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Food Technology and Home Science and Postgraduate courses in Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Home Science and Agri. Business Management. In addition, diploma programmes are being offered both by Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering & Technology faculties.

Annual intake in various Degree Programmes

Degree Programmes Annual intake (2016-17)
B.Sc. (Ag.) 784
B.Tech (Ag. Engg.) 135
B.Tech. (Food Technology) 75
B.Sc. (Hons.) Home Science 97
M.Sc. (Ag.) 155
M.Sc. (Agri. Business Management) 20
M.Sc. (Agril. Engineering) 16
M.Sc. (Home Science) 19
Ph. D. (Ag.) 62
Ph.D. (Agricultural Engineering & Technology) 08
Ph.D. (Home Science) 06
Diploma (Agricultural Polytechnic) 490
Diploma (Seed Technology Polytechnic) 25
Diploma (Agricultural Engineering Polytechnic) 60
Diploma (Organic Farming) 25

AGRICULTURE
Aiming to build a dynamic human resource in consonance with the dynamic agricultural scenario, ANGRAU offers Bachelor's degree (UG), Master's degree (PG) and Doctoral degree (Ph.D) in Agriculture. The University has five Agricultural colleges and two Post graduate colleges located in Andhra Pradesh under ANGRAU. The colleges offering Under Graduate, Post Graduate and Doctoral degrees in ANGRAU are as follows:

S.No College Location District Year of Establishment Courses Offered
1 Agricultural College Bapatla Guntur 1945 B. Sc (Ag), M.Sc (Ag), Ph.D
2 S.V. Agricultural College Tirupati Chittoor 1961 B. Sc (Ag), MBA (ABM), M.Sc (Ag), Ph.D
3 Agricultural College Naira Srikakulam 1989 B. Sc (Ag), M.Sc (Ag)
4 Agricultural Mahanandi Kurnool 1991 B. Sc (Ag), M.Sc (Ag)
5 Agricultural College Rajamahendravaram East Godavari 2008 B. Sc (Ag)
6 Advanced Post graduate Centre Lam, Guntur Guntur 2015 M.Sc (Ag), Ph. D
7 Institute of Agribusiness Management Tirupati Chittoor 2015 MBA (ABM)

The students are admitted in B.Sc (Ag) programme based on EAMCET (Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test) conducted by AP. Intake of students in M.Sc (Ag) and MBA (ABM) programmes is based on the performance in the test conducted by the University and for Ph D programme on the performance of entrance test and interview. The University offers Post Graduate programme in Agronomy, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Entomology, Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology, Soil Science, Statistics & Mathematics, Agricultural Extension, Molecular Biology and Bio-technology, Seed Science and Technology, Agronomy (Water Management), Agril. Microbiology, Environmental Science & Technology and Crop Physiology disciplines in Agriculture. The Ph.D programme is also offered in all the disciplines except Seed Science and Technology, Statistics & Mathematics and Environmental Science & Technology. The University also admits the students outside the state through ICAR common entrance exam conducted for admission into Under Graduate and Post Graduate Courses. Further, International students also seek admission to various Under Graduate and Post Graduate Degree Programmes through ICAR, New Delhi.

ANGRAU has made several innovations in educational technology to stand as a role model to the other State Agricultural Universities in the country. The Rural Agricultural Work Experience Programme (RAWEP) is one such designed programme to impart first-hand experience of rural farm situations to the undergraduate students. Besides RAWEP the students also undertake Agricultural Experiential Learning Programme (AELP) as per recommendations of ICAR to develop competence through knowledge and skill in all aspects of enterprise management. The University is also instrumental in providing world class learning experience to its students through global classes, symposia and conferences in frontier areas like biodiversity, climate change, genetically modified crops, agri-business, nanotechnology and population studies. To galvanize research in frontier areas, ANGRAU has developed effective linkages and collaborations with several institutes of National and International repute. During 2014, the ANGRAU has celebrated its fifty years of existence and proudly contributed to the national agricultural brain pool.

ANGRAU has also started Agricultural Polytechnics from 1997 with an aim to train rural youth on modern agricultural technologies so that they will be directly useful for the farmers as they were rural based. Till today there are 19 polytechnic colleges functioning in the state of Andhra Pradesh awarding certificates in three disciplines viz., Agriculture, Seed Technology and Agricultural Engineering and Technology. Agricultural Polytechnic is a two year programme and admissions are based on the10thstandard grading. Besides these there are 61 Private Agricultural polytechnics which are technically supervised by ANGRAU.

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

Present day Agriculture and Horticulture needs technological interventions to make rainfed, irrigated and dry land agriculture more productive, sustainable and remunerative to farmers and to fulfill the objectives of several government schemes in the service of the farmers and rural people. The next green revolution has to be achieved only through adoption of agricultural engineering and food technology principles and practices for the development and sustainability of agriculture and horticulture. The Faculty has two Colleges of Agricultural Engineering (CAE) at Bapatla (Guntur district) and Madakasira (Anantapuramu district) and two colleges of Food Science and Technology (CFST) at Bapatla and Pulivendula (YSR District) and two Polytechnics of Agricultural Engineering (PAE) at Kalikiri (Chittoor district) and Anakapalle (Visakhapatnam district). The further details of the colleges and courses offered are as follows:

S.No College Location District Year of Establishment Courses Offered
1 College of Agricultural Engineering Bapatla Guntur 1983 B.Tech (Agil.Engg.), M.Tech (Agri.Engg.), Ph.D
2 College of Agricultural Engineering Madakasira Anantapuramu 2008 B.Tech (Agril.Engg.)
3 College of Food Science & Technology Bapatla Guntur 2003 B.Tech (Food.Tech.)
4 College of Food Science & Technology Pulivendula YSR Kadapa 2008 B.Tech (Food.Tech.)

The faculty contributes to the strong base of "Agricultural Engineering" and "Food Technology" profession in government departments, private organizations, public sector undertakings and in universities to support the technological interventions for the development and sustainability of agriculture and horticulture. The Faculty offers B.Tech (Agril.Engg.), B.Tech (Food Technology), M.Tech and Ph.D programmes in three specializations of Agricultural Engineering, a three year diploma in Agricultural Engineering and development of trained manpower to undertake developmental and research programs in Agricultural Engineering and Food Technology in the state to cater to the following needs of agriculture and horticulture in general and the farmers in particular.

  1. Mechanization of Agriculture to reduce cost of cultivation and dependency on human labour and to perform all field operations including harvesting and threshing on time to increase net income to farmers
  2. Technologies to cope up with water scarcity, water excess and salinity problems with efficient water management, micro-irrigation and drainage systems to sustain agriculture through efficient management of land and water resources
  3. Value addition to agricultural products by efficient storage, handling and dairy, food processing and post-harvest technologies to make agriculture more remunerative to farmers
  4. Utilization of the energy resources efficiently in agriculture by developing technologies using the solar, wind and bio-energies.
  5. Design and development of Agricultural structures to store and process the agricultural and horticultural products and field irrigation, drainage, soil and water conservation structures for natural resource management
  6. Development of food technologies for enhancing food preservation, processing, storage, packaging, food and nutritional security for the people, trade and business management for food products

Efficient designs of micro-irrigation systems have been developed for different crops in the state (1) in line and on line for vegetables and row crops and (2) on-line systems for orchards and wide spaced crops. Micro-jets for oil palm, micro-sprinklers for nurseries of tobacco, floriculture and leafy vegetables. The faculty has developed designs of hydraulically efficient and low cost semi-permanent sprinkler irrigation system to overcome the disadvantages of the traditional portable systems. The Government of India has approved and issued guidelines to all the states to use this system. The modified broad crested weirs have been designed for use in open canals with an accuracy of 98 percent for all ranges of discharges in irrigated commands (I & CAD Department of the Government of Andhra Pradesh has asked the ANGRAU to train their engineers on this method). The modules on crop water planning, indenting and scheduling at project level have been prepared for I&CAD department for implementation at project scale. Sub-Surface drainage technologies have been developed to reclaim salt affected and water logged lands in the state (about five lakh hectares) and tested in farmers fields in irrigated commands. On an average, 60 percent increase in yields was observed with a payback period of two years. Some useful computer models in irrigation and drainage like CRIWAR, SALTMOD, DRAINMOD, SATEM have been modified to suit to our field conditions in different agro-climatic conditions of Andhra Pradesh. A model for comprehensive tank irrigation management plan has been developed for enhancing water productivity for use in other tanks of the state.

With the special grant from the Government of India and the ICAR in March 2013, the Faculty established a Center for Research & Development on Farm mechanization of Rice, Maize, Bengalgram and Turmeric at College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla for creating awareness on farm machinery and implements among the farming community. The Vishnu-Puddler, a potential tractor drawn puddler for rice crop has been developed for improving the puddling efficiency. A 4-row automatic groundnut planter has been developed. "Anantha" groundnut seed planter has been designed and developed by ANGRAU. A self-propelled 4-row wheel power weeder for SRI, Semi-Dry and Alternate Wetting and Drying, rice cultivation for better weed control and aeration. ANGRAU manual conoweeder for SRI cultivation has been developed. Various models of Rice transplanters are being tested and demonstrated by the university in different soil conditions. Popularization of paddy reapers and combined harvesters is also taken up by the university for the benefit of the farmers. The Mechanized System of Rice Intensification (MSRI) has been evolved and developed by the Faculty on the request of the Government of Andhra Pradesh and contributed to the establishment of MSRI centers throughout the state for the benefit of rice growing farmers to make rice cultivation sustainable and profitable. A zero-tillage maize seed drill has been developed with farmers initiative for planting maize in rice-fallows as part of resource conservation technology programmes. A new design of Aqua-seed drill for groundnut crop for sowing as well as lifesaving irrigation purposes is being developed by the University for use under drought conditions. The research programmes on farm mechanization, food processing and value addition under RKVY grants are undertaken at Colleges of Agricultural Engineering in Bapatla and Madakasira and College of Food Science and Technology, Bapatla for the benefit of students and farmers in the respective regions.

The faculty of the university has taken several initiatives on research & development for developing new machinery & technologies in the field of Post-Harvest Engineering & Technology. A process technology has been developed for barn drying of chillies which has become very popular among farmers. ANGRAU Multipurpose Poly house solar dryer (2.5 tonne capacity) for chillies has been developed, which can be used for drying chillies by retaining good colour in quicker time when compared to conventional drying. Polyhouse can also be used during off-season also through various activities viz., production of leafy coriander during summer, raising nurseries etc. Further, ANGRAU faculty have also developed Mobile Turmeric Steam Boiler for curing of turmeric, which aid in uniform colour development, better & quicker drying can be achieved. ANGRAU Turmeric Polisher and ANGRAU Turmeric Grader have been developed. Faculty also developed on-farm paddy dryer (5 tonne capacity) first of its kind which can dry high moisture paddy with an initial moisture content of 24 percent to a final moisture content of 12 percent within a period of 6-8 hrs. Advantages with this dryer were quicker drying, reduced postharvest losses due to immature grains and long term storage till remunerative price prevail in the market. It was also estimated that dried grains have developed properties of six months naturally aged paddy. Further, value added technologies like mushroom production using maize stalk or straw, preparation of compost from the maize stalk have been developed and demonstrated successfully to the farmers. Technologies for preparation of briquettes from Chillies, Cotton stalks, Bengalgram, and cashew shells have been demonstrated. A scientific study on estimation of post-harvest losses of crops & commodities has been completed. Process technology for preparation of granular jaggery, first of kind, has been developed by the University. Developed Mechanized system of preparing paper sweet (pootharekulu) by AICRP on PHET, RARS, Anakapalli and during 2016-17 patent was filed. The technology was transferred to 3 different firms in the state through M.o.U. for large scale adoption. Solar powered micro-irrigation system with low lift has been designed for coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh. A wind mill powered low lift irrigation system for nurseries has been designed and developed. A sub center of All India Coordinated Research Project on Farm Implements and Machinery (AICRP on FIM) has been established at College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla and started working from 01.04.2015.

The ICAR has sanctioned 4 No. Extramural Projects to the faculty members of AE&T on competition basis with a total project outlay of Rs. 97.219 lakhs to operate during 2016 & 2017 at College of Agricultural Engineering/College of Food Science and Technology, Bapatla. The projects are implemented and they are running satisfactorily.

The CFST at Bapatla has successfully implemented four experiential learning modules namely spice processing, fruits and vegetable processing, milk and milk products processing and cereals processing with the financial support from ICAR which can employ and self-employ more students through commercial production. The research programs at the CFST at Pulivendula have contributed and claimed for a patent on A Process for preparing dehydrated fruit bar from prickly pear fruits (Opuntia Ficusindica) and product thereof.

The university has conducted AGRIENGGCET - during 2016, which enabled Diploma holders in Agricultural Engineering to take lateral entry into 2nd year B.Tech (Agri. Engg.), by fill up of 15 percent of supernumerary seats in the B.Tech (Agril. Engg.) programme. During 2016-17, 16 students got admitted into 2nd year of B.Tech (Agri. Engg.) through AGRIENGGCET-2016 and they are allotted to various Agricultural Engineering colleges at Bapatla and Madakasira in Andhra Pradesh.

HOME SCIENCE
Home Science is a unique field of knowledge with its comprehensive and inter-disciplinary approach from different domains. Home Science has enriched its educational programmes in educating the young girls and catering to the present day needs of education in order to meet the rapidly changing demands of community. It encompasses a number of community related courses suited for both home and career development. The curriculum concentrates on five core areas like Foods and Nutrition (F&N), Human Development and Family Studies (HDFS), Resource Management and Consumer Sciences (RMCS), Apparel and Textiles (APTX) and Home Science Extension and Communication Management (HECM). Further, each subject covers an array of sub-topics under its domain.

In the undivided State of Andhra Pradesh, the Faculty of Home Science, ANGRAU has built up great credibility and gained recognition in teaching, research and extension work. The College of Home Science at Guntur was established in the year 2013 with an intake of 25 students in B.Sc. (Hons.) Home Science programme. The College is expanding its horizons rapidly in all dimensions from then on. From the academic year 2016-17 onwards, the Faculty is offering PG and Ph.D programmes in all five major areas of specialization.

The Undergraduate programme is very distinctive in its own way as it comprises of Rural Home Science Work Experience Programme (RHWEP) and Experiential Learning Programme (ELP) which provides factual insight into the Rural Society and provides an opportunity to the students to explore their entrepreneurial abilities.The Faculty comprises of well qualified and experienced members, actively involved in imparting good standard of education to the students. The College is equipped with Student Counselling and Placement Centre for facilitating students in career oriented perspectives. The Faculty is persistently involved in conducting need based community outreach programmes for the rural youth, women and entrepreneurs. The extension activities are intensively carried out in collaboration with Krishi VigyanKendras (KVKs), District Agricultural Advisory & Transfer of Technology Centers (DAATTCs). The faculty of Home Science works in coordination and collaboration with line departments - Dept. of Agriculture, Dept. of Women Development and Child Welfare, Dept. of Rural Development, Dept. of Consumer Affairs, Food and Civil Supplies, Khadi & Village Industries Commission, District Industries Corporation, NEDCAP, AP Foods, Dept. of Education, etc.

The Faculty has been actively intensifying the promotion of healthy lifestyle changes and entrepreneurial abilities among various individuals by organising Annual Millet Fest in alliance with the State Agricultural Department. The Faculty initiated Start-up Unit in Food Processingand Value-addition at Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), Lam, Guntur. The Unit aims at Standardization of Value-added Millet products and generate easily affordable consumer friendly products under the Brand name of ANGRAU Products. The Faculty has established Diet Counselling Centre, Child and Family Guidance and Counselling Centre, Centre for Interior Designing Solutions and Consumer Guidance Cell in the College premises. These centres offer guidance to general public in the respective areas. The centres are rapidly gaining popularity.

The different areas of specialization concentrate on providing suitable training to the students for various job opportunities. With growing awareness towards health, safety, nutrition and living styles of the society, employment opportunities for Home Science graduates are growing continuously and rapidly. The trained graduates and postgraduates are absorbed in Universities, Government departments, industrial units, hospitals, educational institutions, hotel industries, apparel industries and similar industries. They also can opt for number of careers as Dieticians in Hospitals, Diet Consultants, Counsellors in Lifestyle Clinics, Freelance Dieticians, Health Demonstrators, Nutrition Experts in International Organizations, Counsellors, Consultants for Child Development Programmes, Programme officers for Child Welfare Schemes, Interior Designers, Product Designers, Interior Designers and Colour Consultants, Event Managers, Apparel Designers, Fashion Designers, Production Managers in Apparel Industries, Quality Control Inspectors, CAD Professionals, Media Managers, Scientists in Research Institutions, Teaching Faculty in Universities, Project Leaders in developmental projects etc.

B.Sc. Home Science has been rechristened as Community Science from the year 2016 onwards. In anticipation of changing environment and also the changing skill requirement of professionals, the curricula has been revised to make it more relevant, holistic and contextual to the existing scenario. Efforts are being made to establish long-term collaborations between ANGRAU and other State Agricultural Universities through MoUs as per ICAR guidelines to facilitate exchange of knowledge and postgraduate research work. The proposals from the faculty to establish Lab School, Nursery and Creche, Multi-media lab, Food Quality Control Lab, and Farm Women Training Centre are on the anvil.

Rural Agricultural Work Experience Programme (RAWEP)
The Rural Agricultural Work Experience Programme is a pioneering academic innovation introduced for the first time by ANGRAU in the country during the year 1979-80, which is now recommended by ICAR for adoption by the other State Agricultural Universities. This programme provides opportunities for final year students of B.Sc. (Ag.) to gain insight and hands on experience in field.

Operations and problems related to farming and rural life by staying in villages for one semester of five months duration. This programme was subsequently extended to B.Tech. (Ag.Engg.) and B.Sc. (Hons.) H.Sc. degree programmes. The final year students of B.Sc. (Hons.) H.Sc. undergo internship programme of two and half months duration at an industry/institute to gain hands on experience. Similarly, the final year B.Tech. (Ag.Engg.) students are attached to respective firms for practical in-plant training.

All the final year students undergo this programme in the second semester of the year for duration of 120 days. The aim is to develop a cadre of skilled professional students through hands on practical training who can create their own enterprises and become job providers rather than job seekers.

RESEARCH
Research is by far the largest component of the functions of the University both in terms of manpower engaged and funds utilized through several projects including those sponsored by ICAR, DBT, DST and other agencies. The University continues its research efforts in agriculture, agriculture engineering & technology, home science and allied fields with commitment for improving the production and economic status of the farmers of the state.

Research on crop improvement is being undertaken in rice, millets, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, mesta, bio-fuel and fodder crops with the objective of developing varieties /hybrids for higher productivity, resistance / tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses, improvement of quality and wider adoptability to different situations. Research is also being undertaken on development and standardization of low cost production and protection technologies in all the above crops. Research programmes on biotechnology, nanotechnology, post-harvest technology and farm machinery are intensified.

The University intensified seed production programmes at various research centres with the objective of achieving 100 percent seed replacement rate in major crops of the state. During the year 2015-16, 11926 qtls of Breeder seed and 14430 qtls of Foundation Seed of various crops was produced at different stations and supplied to various organizations.

The sustained efforts of the scientists of the University resulted in the development and release of 410 varieties / hybrids in various crops. The recently released varieties include three varieties in rice, two varieties in pulses and two varieties in oil seeds. The University has the credit of releasing the first gall midge resistant rice variety Kakatiya, BPH resistant rice variety - Vajram, powdery mildew resistant black gram variety , Krishnayya, in the country. Rice hybrids APHR 1 and APHR 2 were the first to be released in the country next to Republic of China in the world. Trishulata, the first triple cross all season maize hybrid was released by this university. The four rice varieties viz., Swarna, Cotton Dora Sannalu, Vijetha and Samba Mahsuri known as mega varieties occupy about 25 percent of rice cultivated area in the country producing about 24 million tonnes of rice. These varieties have a considerable area in Bangladesh, Srilanka, Nepal, Uganda, Ethiopia and Kenya. Maize varieties DHM 117, DHM 121; redgram varieties: Lam 41, Palem Kandi; blackgram variety Lam Minumu 752; groundnut varieties Kadiri-6, Kadiri-9, Narayani; castor hybrids PCH 111, PCH 222, released by this University are not only popular in A.P. but also in other states of the country.

Sub-surface drainage, improved doruvu technology, mechanized system of rice intensification (MSRI), direct sowing of paddy with drum seeder, rotational irrigation (AWD) in rice, micro-irrigation systems for different crops , designs of hydraulically efficient and low cost semi-permanent sprinkler irrigation system , modified broad crested weirs for use in open canals, stem application in cotton, rice fallow pulses, integrated pest management, integrated disease management and integrated nutrient management strategies, profitable cropping systems and farming systems are some of the agro-techniques developed by the University which have succeeded in creating a significant impact on agricultural productivity in the state.

With a view of optimizing the use of inputs and reducing cost of cultivation, the University has developed Portable Soil Test Kit which enables the farmers to assess soil health and organic carbon, pH, available nitrogen, phosphorus, potash &sulphur in soil and decide the quantity of fertilizers to be applied. Reduction in the recommended phosphorous fertilizer usage by 30 percent without affecting the crop yields in high phosphorous soils of the state. Farm pond technology developed for dry land areas is a boon to the farmers to enhance the yield of groundnut by 20 to 30 per cent.

Many of the farm equipment developed by the University viz., Aqua seed drill, tractor drawn planter cum boom sprayer for sowing and herbicide application, Anantha planter, tractor drawn seed cum ferti drill, 4-row automatic groundnut planter, Vishnu puddler, a tractor drawn puddler for rice, 4-row wheel power weeder for System of Rice Intensification (SRI), Semi-Dry and AWD are popular among the farmers. The University established eightcentres in the state to popularize Mechanized SRI (MSRI). The university established two custom hiring centres to popularize and facilitate the mechanization in crops like groundnut. The University has also introduced sugarcane transplanter (budchip method) under System of Sugarcane Intensification.

In view of fuel crisis, to encourage non-renewable energy, solar powered micro-irrigation system with low lift for coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh, wind mill powered low lift irrigation system for nurseries have been designed and developed. The university has standardized the technologies for natural dye colour concentrates, dyeing cotton, silk and wool with natural dyes, eco holi powders and eco paints for idols.

The University also developed post-harvest machinery and technologies and value added products viz., technology for good colour retention in par boiled rice, technology for preparation of jaggery powder, multipurpose poly house solar dryer for drying chillies, improved mobile turmeric steam boiler, ANGRAU Turmeric polisher and ANGRAU Turmeric graders,value added products from sorghum viz., fat free crunchies, gluten pasta and vermicelli, resistant starch rich grits for breakfast preparations, shelf stable multigrain roti and hot extruded snacks, soybean, fruits and vegetables viz., papaya custard apple, mango, banana, potato and tomato, etc. value added products from banana, sisal and mesta.

For commercialization of technologies, large scale trainings and hands on training workshops were conducted for entrepreneurs in established industries. To take these efforts further, the university has also established two incubation centres for large scale production of natural dye products and millets products.

The University has been providing alternate and contingency crop plans from time to time to suit the changing behavior of monsoon, drought and flood conditions. Diagnostic and joint field visits are undertaken regularly by the scientists of the University to identify field problems and to give timely advice to the farmers. The scientists of the University are actively participating in various developmental programmes taken up by the Government of Andhra Pradesh viz., Rythu Chaitanya Yatralu, Rythu Sadassulu and Adarsha Rythu training programmes.

The University established Institute of Frontier Technology at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Tirupati to carry out basic and applied research in the areas of crop improvement, biotechnology, nanotechnology, quality control, post-harvest technology and biological control.The University is releasing agro-advisory bulletins based on the weather forecast twice a week and is also forecasting price for 16 major crops of the state in both kharif and rabi seasons before sowing and harvest of the crops. The information is available in the web sites www.agromet.ap.nic.in, www.apagrisnet.gov.in and www.angrau.ac.in.

EXTENSION
The concept of Agricultural University envisages a strong integration of teaching, research and extension. The major emphasis in extension education is on conducting of Front line extension activities like testing and introduction of new technologies to the farmers fields, processing of technical information, training of extension personnel, developing innovative extension methodologies and strategies etc. The extension activities are being conducted / implemented by various extension units of the University, namely

  1. District Agricultural Advisory and Transfer of Technology Centres (DAATTCs)
  2. KrishiVigyanKendras (KVKs)
  3. Agricultural Information & Communication Centre (AI&CC)
  4. Electronic Wing
  5. Farmers Call Centre

These units undertake the following extension activities for profitable farming by the farmers in the state.

  • Technology Assessment
  • Front line Demonstrations
  • Diagnostic team visits
  • Vocational Trainings
  • Training Programmes
  • Publications
  • Dissemination of information through print and electronic media
  • Kisan Melas
  • Technology weeks
  • Rythu sadassulu
  • Exposure visits
  • Village Adoption Programme
  • Distance Education

KVKs also take up seed production at their farms and provide quality seed to the farmers.

In addition, innovative extension methods viz., flag method, developing farmer master trainers, innovative farmers networking, farm science club, tribal youth networking and Annapurna Krishi Prasara Seva - an Interactive Information Dissemination system (IIDS) is being implemented by all DAATTCs and KVKs and other new initiatives such as mobile apps namely Eruvaka, Greeshma, Krishi vigyan and Agritech Hub were also introduced.

The farmers of the state are also being served by the ANGRAU extension units using the externally funded projects viz., RKVY, National Initiative on Climate Resilient agriculture(NICRA-ICAR), Annapurna ICT model (Media Lab Asia), Climaadapt (IWMI) , ATMA, NFDB, Power Grid Corporation, Coconut Development Board, NABARD programmes. The University has entered MOU with ICRISAT and Reliance Foundation in extending services to the farmers through various ICT tools.

The above outreach programmes organized by ANGRAU have been well received by the farmers and extension functionaries facilitating an effective Transfer of Technology in the state.