The All India coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Home
Science was conceived during the VI five-year plan period (1979-83)
with the main idea of improving the quality of the life of the
people in general and under privileged in particular. Initially,
the project was sanctioned to cover three components of Home
Science Viz., Foods & Nutrition, Child Development and Family
Resource Management in six State Agricultural Universities. Andhra
Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) now renamed as Acharya N.G.
Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), is one among them. Indian
Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has sanctioned the project
by providing 75% financial assistance and the remaining 25% from
State Government of Andhra Pradesh. In the year 1996, two more
components of Home Science have been added to the programme namely
Clothing & Textiles and Extension Education. All the five
components were shifted to the Post graduate and Research Centre
situated at the main campus of the University, Rajendranagar.
From 1980, the All India Coordinated Research Project on Home
Science Food and Nutrition took up several activities for the
upliftment of rural communities. The major activities undertaken
during VI plan period to X plan period are listed.
1. Nutrient composition, milling and cooking characteristics of
improved/prereleased / already released / newly released / grown in
different locations / varieties of cereals
- Rice - Objective and cooking quality evaluation of the mutant
of rice variety-Samba mahsuri, long slender (Hybrid and mixers) and
short slender (Mutants) varieties, dwarf and market samples.
Parboiled rice, Scented rice cultures and Quality of rice
distributed through Public Distribution System Vs. Rice sold in
2. Nutritional significance of cropping system
- Nutrient composition of pearl millet intercropped with two
varieties of red gram in alternate as well as paired rows .
- Pearl millet intercropped with different special row
arrangements of cow pea, green gram and cow pea fodder
- Nutritional significance of inter cropping and nutritional
evaluation of new high yielding varieties
- Influence of cropping pattern on nutritional situation of
3. Nutritional evaluation of new sources of oil seeds, edible
oil and oil cakes
- Mango kernel fat & deoiled and processed mango kernel oil
- Water melon seeds & Soo-babul seeds
- Nutritional evaluation of mesua ferrae kernel oil.
- Feasibility of introducing red palm oil into the supplementary
feeding in urban ICDS centers
- Acceptability of red palm oil and ground nut oil blend on
hostel children and in slum areas
- Physico chemical & beta carotene stability in RPO blends
4. Cooking quality and acceptability studies
- Rice and Pulses and legumes - Nutrient composition and cooking
characteristics of prereleased varieties of Black gram (Phaseolus
mungo) and Red gram (Cajanus cajan).
5. Consumer preferred characteristics of foods, product
development and in vitro & in vivo studies
- Consumer preferred characteristics of Rice, Sorghum, Red gram
dhal and Green gram dhal
- Analysis of uncommon and unconventional foods specifically used
by rural / urban / tribal population
- Nutritional changes in commonly consumed foods during storage,
processing and cooking.
- Product development, storage stability and acceptability of
grain Amaranth, Rajmah, minor millets & Vadiya made with
Amaranth(Amaranthus esculanthus) and its blends.
- Hypo cholestrolemic effect & Glycemic index of grain
- Invitro availability of iron from germinated Green gram and
Bengal gram and locally available Green Leafy Vegetables
- Effect of different methods of processing and cooking on the
extractability of calcium, phosphorus and iron.
6. Post harvest problems and effect of storage and processing,
on microbial load and fungal toxins
- Level of mycotoxin in commonly consumed - raw, cooked, and
stored foods along with bacterial count responsible for food
- Aflatoxin contamination in market samples of selected grains
and edible oils - Samples of Rice, Wheat, Maida, Suji, Jowar,
Ground nut, Ground nut oil and palm oil.
- Microbial load in selected dehydrated foods processed commonly
at house hold level.
7. Foods & Nutrient intake
- Food and nutrient intake and nutritional status of women and
children in southern telangana zone during summer and monsoon
- Food and nutrition situation of rural families in seven agro
climatic zones of A.P: Krishna Godavari zone, North Coastal zone,
Southern zone, Northern Telangana zone, Southern Telangana zone,
Scarce Rainfall zone & High Altitude and tribal area zone.
- Assessment of fat intake among low-income urban
- Development of nutri guide software for normal and therapeutic
diet planning: Analysis of proximate principles, calcium, iron and
retinal / beta- carotene content of commonly consumed foods &
- Nutritional intervention for prevention and control of iron and
Vitamin A deficiency among children in rural areas : School going
children 7 to 9yrs & 10 to 12 yrs - food & nutrient intake
and nutritional adequacy and hemoglobin & serum retinal levels
- Screening of food, water and salt samples from rural &
urban three agro- climatic zones of A.P . for iodine content.
- Screening of fluoride levels in food and water.
- Nutritional upliftment of rural population : Establishment of
Nutrition Garden, IEC programmes for nutritional improvement &
Agro based Health food formulations.
- To formulate palatable combinations of cereals, pulses,
vegetables and animal products to enhance the nutritive value of
foods through locally adoptable preserving and processing
- Formulations / fortification / modification of 2 -3 products
for pre-school/ school going children, pregnant and lactating
mothers & for therapeutic purpose - acceptability of the
products, shelf life studies and analysis of nutrient composition
and dietary recommendations & in vivo studies of the
- Nutrification of traditional recipes & data base of value
- Empowerment of farm women to conserve natural resources to make
most efficient use of farm and non-form produce /animal wastes and
develop linkages with Government and Non- Governmental
The Child Development component of AICRP on H. Sc. was
sanctioned in the year 1980 with the overall objective of improving
development indices of rural children. Hence towards this, and a
number of projects were taken up for achieving the goal.
- Study of the physical development of children in terms of
weight, height, head, arm and chest circumference using
longitudinal approach with 88 children and cross sectional approach
with 500 rural and 500 urban slum children.
- Study of the developmental indices namely psycho motor and
mental development of the selected children using Bayley Scale of
- Study of the child rearing practices adopted by their families
using an interview schedule.
- The data collected was fed into the larger data from 6 other
SAU AICRP Child Development centers and ICAR developmental norms
for rural children from birth to 6 years were developed.
- A technical bulletin was released on different Child rearing
practices at different regions on pregnancy related practices,
postpartum practices and neo natal and infant feeding
- Study the physical development of rural children in terms of
weight, height using a cross-sectional study approach with 3110
- Study the mental development of rural children with 922
children using Coloured Progressive Matrices.
- Study the psycho social development of 922 rural children using
Multifaceted Assessment of Personality (MAP) series.
- Developmental norms for rural children from 7 years to 18 years
were established as ICAR rural children's developmental norms on
- Started a farm creche, to provide developmental assessment and
intervention to rural infants and young children. A farm creche was
started with 40 children and a control group of 46 children were
selected from a nearby village.
- To develop a developmental intervention program me for rural
infants from birth to 36 months. Five intervention packages were
developed and intervention given for three years. The packages were
antenatal and neo natal care, understanding developmental
milestones, conducive home environment, stimulatory toys, infant
feeding and health care.
- To collect base line data and impart the developmental
intervention to children and their primary care givers. Weight and
height, psychomotor and mental development indices and post
- Situational analysis of the rural girl child in the 7 agro
climatic zones of the state using focused group interviews on girls
from 57 villages (1833 girls) with the help of an Interview
- Identification of the areas of empowerment & Developing
intervention packages on General knowledge, communication skills,
Health & Nutrition, Legal awareness and Economic skill
activities. This center developed the communication skills manual;
Interpersonal communication, General communication skills &
Self esteem exercises.
- Pre testing on adolescent girls on selected measures; General
knowledge, Self esteem, intellectual ability, Communication skills,
legal awareness and personality and testing the efficacy of the
intervention packages through pre-post testing of 78 girls between
10-18 yrs from 5 villages.
The Family Resource Management component was sanctioned under
AICRP (Home Science) in 1980 with mandate to conduct a systematic
study on the management of resources available in the different
socio economic segments of farm families . The mandate was
successfully approached through specific socio economic surveys,
laboratory & field studies and action programmes with themes
earmarked for implementation.
1.Fuel consumption trends were documented
2.Technologies was developed
- APAU smokeless chulha
- Improvised steam cooker
- Validated of technology developed
- Tested the efficacy of Biomass Fuels in APAU Improved
- Field feasibility studies on Non Conventional and Alternate
- Disseminated the smokeless chulha under NEDCAP programmes in
the adopted villages and observed a positive impact in the energy
use of households
- (1989 - 91) About 52 low cost domestic model sanitary latrines
were constructed in 3 villages of Medak district on self help basis
and by or ganizing linkages with UNICEF & Panchayat Raj
department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. The programme contributed
to the upgradation of rural sanitary conditions.
- Anthropometric measurements of farm women were collected in
3positions normally used by women for performing work in the
- The kitchen characteristics were explored & analyzed
against the anthropometrical data.
- The rural kitchen reorganization plans were evolved and
- Documented the work of farm women in terms of physical drudgery
- Ergonomically evaluated Transplantation, Harvesting and weeding
of operations in paddy cultivation.
- Modified / Evolved suitable technology option for relieving
women of drudgery.
- Modified paddy row seeder
- Water trolley
- Multipurpose decorticator
- Field tested the evolved devices
- Hand weeders
- Cotton bag for harvesting cotton, castor, green gram etc.,
- Water trolley
- Row Seeder for paddy
- Multipurpose decorticator
- Popularization of energy saving & drudgery saving
- Augmentation of resources for farm women through training in
income generation activities
The AICRP on Home science in Clothing & Textiles component
was initiated during the IX plan period and is striving forward
successfully through X plan. With a holistic approach towards
providing quality of life to rural families, the scientists had
taken up value addition to natural fibres and dyes derived from
agricultural and animal waste. Natural fibres such as banana,
sisal, pine apple etc., are thrown as agricultural waste. If they
are utilized for extraction of fibre content and preparation of
value added products, it will provide additional income to the
farmers and rural families. With this mindset, the following
objectives of research were set and work was initiated from August
In the I phase of research, a survey was conducted in three
regions of Andhra Pradesh to identify the sources, availability and
use of the natural fibres and dyes.
In the II phase of research various plant materials were
screened to investigate for natural pigments and five such sources
were selected. The sources include Bixa orellana, Cassia fistula,
Bombax malabaricum, Eclipta prostrate, Santanum alba. Around 5000
natural dye shades were produced using various mordants and mordant
combinations. The colour fastness to standard conditions of fading
was also assessed for all shades. Software cum electronic
cataloguing of shades was developed separately on cotton, silk, and
wool to help the beginners and weavers and artisans involved in
dyeing with natural dyes.
A practical manual was developed with standard procedures of
dyeing with natural dyes and all other AICRP clothing &
textiles scientists were trained.
The technologies developed were field tested to assess their
economic viability. Later these technologies were successfully
transferred to weavers, artisans and women self help groups and the
adopted rate is satisfactory Another product eco-friendly gulals
was developed and field tested successfully. Several groups were
trained in this technology and at present the technology is being
adopted by many women groups.
The natural dye varieties that can be grown in Andhra Pradesh
were identified and the farmers were advised to grow these
varieties for sustainable market. Linkages were developed with
various agencies and organizations to improve the utilization of
natural dyes in Andhra Pradesh.
A project titled "Data base on rural women" was sanctioned , by
ICAR during the year 1996-'97 and the project commenced in ANGRAU
during the year 1997-98, under AICRP Home Science Extension.
The extension on education component of AICRP was sanctioned
with the mandate of
- To study the work profile of rural women in terms of their
socioeconomic status, participation, decision-making and time
utilization pattern in farming, animal husbandry and homestead
- To identify the indigenous technologies for scientific
validation, documentation and dissemination.
- To develop technology information packages for dissemination to
the grass root level functionaries and rural women.
- To build livelihood security for quality and decent living by
increasing income for various non farm occupations and
The data pertaining to socio-economic status, participation
profile, decision making and time use pattern of 3000 rural women
from seven agro climatic zones of Andhra Pradesh was collected and
to add the dimension of qualitative data for gaining an in depth
understanding, case studies on 105 rural women were conducted.
Indigenous knowledge with regard to animal health, maternal
health and the information on medicinal plants being used for
different ailments and diseases by the rural folk and folk healers
of different agro climatic zones were collected through memory
harvesting techniques and focus group discussions. The information
collected was scientifically validated and documented.
Booklets: Soybean-miracle bean, Cowpea in diet, Indigenous
structures for Storage of grains, Multiple uses of Neem,
Occupational health hazards of Women in Agriculture.
Video cassettes/CDs/Slide story: Soybean processing and
utilization at home level, Value addition to pulses, Application of
PRA techniques in adopted village, Occupational health hazards of
Women in Agriculture.
To promote livelihoods among rural women, strengthening of the
existing self help groups and analysis of livelihood profile,
factor conditions and demand conditions is going on in the selected