All the disciplines of Home Science faculty have developed
various technologies suitable for women to earn supplementary
income and to reduce drudgery.
To reduce drudgery of millet processing and enable variety of
foods and good nutrition for families consuming millets as staple,
an agro huller was fabricated. The greatest advantage of this
dehuller is that it can dehull both millets and legumes including
soyabeans. With dehuller at a focal point viable enterprises to
produce commercial foods can be initiated which do not require
either complicated equipment or high technology.
The sorghum food enterprise is viable for economic development
of rural women and nutritional improvement of pre school children
especially in dry land region. Sorghum enterprises can be run by a
single woman with the help of the family or it can be run as a
group activity by few women.
Mushroom cultivation is the most potential area for self
employment. To increase the marketability a variety of products
were developed using fresh and dry mushrooms which had good
acceptance from the consumers.
While nutrition is considered to be one of the key determinants,
the effects of aging on nutritional requirements is also
significant. Three types of low cost food supplements with locally
available foods were developed for geriatrics namely porridge mix,
vermicelli, ready to eat snack i.e. extruded product using cereal
& pulse combination by enriching with nutrients like vitamin A,
thiamine, riboflavin and iron.
Special weaning mixes with high quantity and quality of protein
with suitable sensory qualities were developed using malted pearl
millet and malted / roasted green gram, bengal gram & black
Protein calorie malnutrition is one of the persistent
nutritional disorders in pre school children of low socio-economic
group. 'Pushti', a supplementary food with low bulk and high
calorie density was developed using simple processing methods &
accessible to the low income group.
A fish-cereal based infant food 'Cerefica' was developed for use
as weaning food both in a powder and puree form.
A low calorie biscuit was developed as a special food using
maize flour as the basic ingredient which is useful to lose or
To overcome the problems associated with low intake of fibre in
the dict, high fibre vermicelli, an extruded product was developed
as speciality food using refined wheat flour with wheat bran and
rice bran as fibre sources.
Papaya products such as nectar, thandra, cheese, toffee and
cereal based powder were developed for children to combat Vitamin A
Ripe mango powders rich in beta-carotene were developed from
Beneshan, Suvarnarekha, Totapuri and their blends which can be
incorporated in recipes. These powders not only add natural colour
to the recipes but also beta- carotene to the prepared dishes.
In order to increase the shelf life of palmyrah fruits
satisfactory preservation methods were developed.
The rind of watermelon forms approximately 1/3 of the fruit
weight and contains carbohydrates, minerals etc.. To propagate the
consumption of the watermelon & encourage by product
utilization, Value added preserved products like pickle, candy,
vadiyams were developed.
A software was developed by analysing data on recipes made with
cereals & millets, pulses, nuts and oil seeds, green leafy
vegetables, other vegetables, roots and tubers, fruits, fish,
prawn, meat, egg, milk and milk products. The recipes were
standardized in the lab and analysed. This software is patented by
ICAR and is useful for diet counsellers, nutrition teachers,
medical practitioners and common man for daily use.
This is one of the distinctive styles of decorating household
textile items. It is a commercial handicraft and is based on
creative skills. It can also be adopted by apparel fabrics. A
variety can be created by cutting different shapes like geometrical
floral design, ric rac, border etc. There is much scope for exports
with less investment.
The technique of applying wax as a resist material is known to
be the traditional art of India. Its uniqueness in design gives
wide scope for domestic and export markets. This technique requires
minimum equipment and can be taken up at household level for
generation of income with little creativeness.
Applying colours on leather is rather a difficult process and
producing variety in leather goods is a challenging task. A variety
of coloured designs can be applied on leather using Batik
technique. It has wide scope in the niche and export market.
The bandhani or Tie & Dye technique of producing coloured
prints is an evergreen field for adoption. Highly intricate designs
are produced in bright colours and no two designs look alike and
are more apt for designer wear. Designer's creative ability is
depicted in this technique. The value of the tie & dye remains
in the intricacy of design and the number of colours used in
This is a technique to resist printing in which a design can be
applied to the fabric in the most economical and fastest way. It
requires minimum skill and can be used when designs are to be
Printing textiles is an evergreen technology, which has wide
scope for commercialization. Using block printing a variety of
designs can be produced to suit the present trend. Printing can be
done using a variety of dyes on all types of textile materials.
The Savara Wall Paintings of Andhra Pradesh is one of the lesser
known tribal painting confined to the interior walls of savara
hamlets in Srikakulam district. Adaptation of these designs on
textile material give scope for producing variety in printed
Very few soaps are available with stain guard features. The
soaps with these features are very costly and out of reach of
common man. The technology of making this economical, effective
stain guard soap is possible at cottage level and is a boon to the
Handicapped people face problems in wearing ordinary clothing as
they have some physical defect that hinders the wearing of the
garment. The developed technology includes designing with special
features keeping in view their requirements for comfort,
conveniences in putting on & off, camouflaging the deformities
and resistance to abrasion due to special implements used by the
wearer for day to day activities.
Pesticides used for controlling pests are toxic to humans. Skin
is a route for pesticide entry into human beings. Due to
non-availability & high cost of disposals agricultural workers
use the conventional work clothes, which do not provide good
protection for the skin. Protective aprons with design features to
protect hands, face and eyes with comfort features were developed
for grape farm workers. Various blend compositions like
polyester-cotton and polyester-viscose were used in designing
aprons for the pesticides sprayers.
As an economic alternative to other textiles fibres technology
was developed to improve minor agro fibres like ramie, mesta and
jute by blending with fibres like polypropylene, acrylic and
viscose rayon. The cost of these fabrics was much lower than other
furnishing material available.
In recent years, a growing interest in the revival of natural
dyes has been manifested as a result of environmental protection.
Search for dyes from new sources is an ever growing thrust area.
Tested technology relevant in this aspect has brought forth many
vegetable dyes. Some of these dyes were found to dye cotton and
silk in excellent shades. This field has a wide scope for
Silk waste is a bye product in the filature process. In view of
utilizing the tassar and mulberry silk waste for the production of
low cost products, technology was developed to blend silk waste
with polyester staple, cotton, viscose rayon and acrylic.
To identify the food adulterants in commonly consumed food
stuff, a simple home level food testing kit was developed to
safeguard the health of the consumers.
In order to educate the mass on Consumer education, two CD'S
consisting of five modules on the titles, Consumer rights and
responsibilities, Consumer protection Legal measures, Consumer
protection- Non-legal measures, Consumer guidance and counseling
and product testing and evaluation were developed.
A kit with various education materials was developed to
stimulate young children and help in overall development of the
The traditional chulhas are only 5 -10 % thermally efficient,
consume more energy and time leaving an unhealthy polluted work
environment due to emission of smoke. T o overcome the above
problems the APAU model smokeless chulha was an improved Smokeless
Chulah, which has a thermal efficiency of 21.7%. This technology
was widely adopted by the rural families.
Perishables like vegetables, milk, curd, butter and eggs
deteriorate rapidly and lose their nutrients if not stored under
proper conditions of temperature. The prevalent practice of storing
perishables under low temperature is through high-technology
refrigeration units, which not only demand electrical energy, but
also are exorbitant to install by the low-income families. To cater
to the needs of these families simple, less expensive,
non-electrical model like the Janatha fridge is the most suitable
device for storing perishable foods.
In rural areas, the major portion of energy supply is effected
through non- commercial fuels like fuel wood, cow dung etc., which
amounts to almost 90 per cent of energy consumption in the domestic
sector. Such a condition of firewood scarcity requires the use of
some low cost technology or improvised device for cooking food. One
such fuel saving improvised device is the portable hay basket.
Open sun drying has been in practice for so long. But this
method has many disadvantages viz., the products attract dust while
drying, take more time to dry, and are unprotected from insects and
birds. To offset these disadvantages and improve the performance
efficiency, a simple, technology is developed as an alternative
such as an inexpensive solar dryer.
The water fetching activity is a regular manual transport of
load carried through a minimum distance of 10 meter each time by
the women. The work is done in a cyclic fashion involving eight to
ten cycles per day. No suitable technical devices are being used to
transport the loads through the distances and the women bear the
load mostly on their shoulders, and some times on their waist and
head. To relieve the women of this drudgery Push Water Trolleys
Modified Row Seeders is an alternative to the conventional Paddy
Transplantation activity, which is being done manually by women.
Using a Paddy Row Seeder, the pre-germinated paddy seeds can be
directly sown bypassing the nursery growing and transplantation
activity. By using of Row Seeders the crop duration can be reduced
by fifteen days, farmers can overcome the problems due to delayed
rainfall or non-availability in the peak season. In addition the
technology improves the body posture and thereby relieve the
drudgery and body pains by giving mechanical advantage so that
women can improve their production efficiency.
The faculty has patented two equipments. This type of patenting
is the first of its kind in the University
Dr (Mrs) Vijaya Khader, Dean of Home science received two
patents for her inventions in the areas of Fisheries and Food
processing. Fish Vending table developed under NATP project and Ice
cream making machine received the patent and the technology was
transferred to a progressive woman entrepreneur.
|Low Cost Ice-Cream Freezer
||Multi Purpose Fresh Fish Vending and Display Table
The faculty has received several University, State National and
International awards for their excellent contribution in the major
fields of Home Science Teaching, Research and Extension.